The EMS Glossary
by PainPod International
When dealing with technology, sometimes people are accustomed to using specific language and terms just because they become familiar, without having a proper understanding of the different meanings of each of the words being used.
With this article, we are going to provide readers with a basic glossary of all the most important terms used in the world of electronic muscle stimulation in strict alphabetical order.
A type of current that offers alternating polarity as it changes from positive to negative and vice-versa many times per second.
it refers to a waveform with a positive phase and a negative phase.
It is an EMS modality consisting of a continuous delivery of the determined value of pulse rate (Hz), pulse width (μS) and waveform. Mostly used for muscle relaxation and massage purposes.
A type of current characterised by a constant electron flow from the negative to the positive electrode with no alterations
It is the ratio between the duration of the active signal and the total work cycle, describing the on/off phase of delivery of the electrical pulses. It is an essential parameter to avoid the occurrence of fatigue.
It is an acronym standing for Electrical Muscle Stimulation and it refers to the modality of stimulating motor nerves through the electrical current application.
The time it takes for the muscle to relax after the stimulation.
A type of current resembling the AC current in most characteristics but presenting a higher level of skin irritation.
It is the number of pulses per second, measured In Hz.
It is one of the most important parameters and it represents the amplitude of the current.
A type of current forming a combination of two high-frequency waveforms (4000 and 4100 Hz) in a crossed pattern.
It refers to a waveform which has a unidirectional pulse from baseline to either positive or negative.
It refers to the direction of current flow in an electrical circuit (flowing from the positive to the negative pole)
It is the single electrical impulse being delivered.
It is an EMS modality consisting of a predefined set of pulse rate, pulse width and waveform delivered in repeating cycles. It is used mainly for training purposes, in order to elicit repeated muscle contractions and rest periods.
It is a parameter describing the ratio between the rise time and fall time. It is fundamental to reduce contraction abruptness.
It is a term describing a type of waveform characterised by a rapid rise in current, a prolonged duration and a snap drop-off.
The time it takes for the electrical current to induce muscle contraction.
With this term, we usually refer to the specific shape of the waveform.
It is a term describing a type of waveform that offers the same energy levels both in positive and negative phase.
It is a type of waveform characterised by a rapid rise in current and an immediate drop-off to zero after reaching the maximum.
It is an acronym standing for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and it refers to the modality of stimulating sensory nerves through the electrical current application.
It is a term describing the specific form assuming by the electric current leaving the ems unit, which is looking like a “wave”.
PainPod BioTechnology advisory board - Head of Sports & Technical Science. International Sports Performance consultant
Home Nation: Italy / Sport: Multiple / Date Joined: 2017
Antonio is a widely sought after International Sports Performance Consultant & Applied Sports Technologist. He works around the world with Olympic athletes and professional sports teams in Europe, Asia and the USA. He is a prominent speaker and contributor to international sports magazines including Athletics Weekly.
His area of expertise includes injury prevention, sports technology, strength training programming, speed development and recovery monitoring. He works with advanced technologies in the field of performance monitoring, injury prevention and improved performance that includes infrared thermography, foot pressure mapping, myotonometry and tensiomyography
A regular speaker and lecturer at International Sports Science conferences, he is currently writing ‘Sports Biometry: application of technology for Sports Science’.